Quick Q: What is a lambda expression in C++11?

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Quick A: A convenient way to create a functor.

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What is a lambda expression in C++11?

C++ includes useful generic functions like std::for_each and std::transform, which can be very handy. Unfortunately they can also be quite cumbersome to use, particularly if the functor you would like to apply is unique to the particular function.

#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>

namespace {
  struct f {
    void operator()(int) {
      // do something
    }
  };
}

void func(std::vector<int>& v) {
  f f;
  std::for_each(v.begin(), v.end(), f);
}

If you only use f once and in that specific place it seems overkill to be writing a whole class just to do something trivial and one off...

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