Recently PVS-Studio has implemented a major feature—we supported intermodular analysis of C++ projects. This article covers our and other tools' implementations. You'll also find out how to try this feature and what we managed to detect using it.
by Oleg Lisiy, Sergey Larin
From the article:
We can't apply the approach above to the PVS-Studio tool. Our analyzer's main difference from compilers is that it doesn't form intermediate representation that is abstracted from the language context. Therefore, to read a symbol from another module, the tool has to translate it again and represent a program as in-memory data structures (parse tree, control flow graph, etc). Data flow analysis may also require parsing the entire dependency graph by symbols in different modules. Such a task may take a long time. So, we collect information about symbols (in particular in data flow analysis) using semantic analysis. We need to somehow save this data separately beforehand. Such information is a set of facts for a particular symbol. We developed the below approach based on this idea.