by Andrzej Krzemieński
From the article:
The word ‘concept’ in the context of C++ generic programming has two meanings. The first is more abstract: it is the notion from the domain of Generic Programming (GP) in general. GP is not tied to any specific language: it is an approach to writing programs, and concepts are part of this approach. In this sense concepts have been with us since the inception of the STL. The second meaning is the keyword concept in C++20 with its associated semantics: its goal is to approximate the more abstract notion of a concept from GP, and this works only to some extent. One notable difference is that concepts in GP specify semantic requirements on types they constrain, and C++ concepts cannot express them directly.
In this post we will see how semantic requirements in concepts can break your program if you don’t pay attention to them, and what can be done in C++20 concepts to account for semantic requirements...